English Questions for SSC CHSL 2020
Directions: In the following question the sentence given with blank to be filled in with an appropriate word. Select the correct alternative out of the four and indicate it by selecting the appropriate option.

1. Keeping the brain well rested and, thus, alive, creative and capable is ___________ to maintain the growing pace of multifaceted progress in human life.

(a) needed
(b) there
(c) pinnacle
(d) imperative

Ans: Option d

Solution:
Imperative – of vital importance; crucial.
Pinnacle – the most successful point; the culmination.

2. Kamal got wounded as he was _______ by a car.

(a) Knocked at
(b) Pushed down
(c) Knocked down
(d) Pulled down

Ans: Option c

Solution:
‘Knocked down’ means to hit by car and fall to the ground.
Pushed down means to force someone or something downward.
Pulled down means to bring to a lower level.
Knocked at means to tap or bang on something.

Directions: The question below consists of a set of labeled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Select the most logical order of sentences from among the options.

3. P: First impressions count, and the first impression that a potential employer will have of you is going to depend on how you present your resume.
Q: The statistics are that the average employer only spends a few seconds looking at it, so it is imperative that it makes an impression.
R: Nobody can ever underestimate how important it is to have a good resume.
S: This is going to be your one and only chance to capture a potential employer’s attention, or for your resume to be tossed into the file of those they don’t want to pursue.

(a) RPQS
(b) QSPR
(c) SRPQ
(d) SQRP

Ans: Option a.

Solution:

In the given passage, statement R, a good resume is being talked about and all other statements are based on it. So it will be the theme for this passage. Therefore it must be placed at the first position. There is only one option having R at the first position which is RPQS. So it will be the correct order of arrangement.

4. P: Specifically, he maintained that these conflicts progress through a series of five basic stages.
Q: He called his idea the psychosexual theory of development.
R: Each of the stages has a different focus: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital.
S: Freud believed that the nature of the conflicts among the id, ego, and superego change over time as a person grows from child to adult.

(a) RSQP
(b) SRPQ
(c) PQRS
(d) SPRQ

Ans: Option d.

Solution:

In the given passage, a theory of Freud is discussed. Statement S reveals the theme by talking about the core of Freud's idea. Statement P reveals that there are five stages in the theory. Statement R speaks about those five stages in detail. Finally, statement Q closes the discussion by revealing the name of this theory i.e. "psychosexual theory". Hence option d is correct, SPRQ is the correct order.

Directions: In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct speech.

5. Rahim said to his younger brother, "You have to burn the midnight oil if you want to get into a good college."

(a): Rahim tells his younger brother that he has to burn the midnight oil if he wanted to to get into a good college.
(b): Rahim told to his younger brother that he has to burn the midnight oil if he wanted to to get into a good college.
(c): Rahim advised his younger brother that he had to burn the midnight oil if he wanted to to get into a good college.
(d): Rahim advises his younger brother that he has to burn the midnight oil if he wants to to get into a good college.

Ans: Option c.

Solution:

Here ‘said’ is the reporting verb and it is in past tense. Hence the tense of the reported speech will be changed according to past. Reporting verb ‘said to’ should be changed into told because an object has been used after the reporting verb, but as the sentence is an imperative sentence and has an implication of an advice, the correct verb to use here will be "advised" . Now, ‘have to’ should be changed into ‘had to’. Also change ‘you’ into ‘he’. Also change ‘want’ into ‘wanted’.
Hence, option c is correct.