Structure of Tenses in English Grammar with Examples

Structures of Tenses
Dear Students, We are sharing very complete structures of Tenses which makes sentences in English with Examples.
1. Present Tense

a. Present Indefinite Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + V+ Object

Example: Shikha goes to the School.

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + do/does + not + V+ Object

Example: I do not work for this Company.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Do/Does + Subject + V+ Object

Example: Does he sing folk songs.

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Do/Does + Subject + not + V+ Object

Example: Do you not love me?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Word + do/does + Subject + V+ Object

Example: Where do you live my sweetheart?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Word + do/does + Subject + not  + V+ Object

Example: Why do they not work there?
b. Present Imperfect Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + is/am/are + V+ Object

Example: Paridhi is going to Chicago.

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + is/am/are + not + V + Object

Example: You are not following me.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

is/am/are + Subject + V + Object

Example: Am I walking on the street?

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

is/am/are + Subject + not + V + Object

Example: Are they not sleeping together in that room?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Words + is/am/are + Subject + V + Object

Example: Why is he coming in the office?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Words + is/am/are + Subject + not + V + Object

Example: Why are you not working on this Project?

c. Present Perfect Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + has/have + V + Object

Example: Chikni has reached to the Office.

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + has/have + not + V3 + Object

Example: I have not agreed to do this work.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Has/Have + Subject + V3 + Object

Example: Have they stayed in the Hotel?

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Has/Have + Subject + not + V3 + Object

Example: Has Anguri Bhabhi not worked in Big-Boss TV Show?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Words + has/have + Subject + V3 + Object

Example: Why has Kareena Kapoor married with Saif Ali Khan?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Words + has/have + Subject + not + V3 + Object

Example: How have you not watched the show Over the Edge?

d. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + has/have + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: I have been working in this company since 2000?

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + has/have + not + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: Mr. Tapri Nath has not been watching Bollywood Movie since 2000?

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Has/Have + Subject + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: Have they been working for four days?

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Has/Have + Subject + not + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: Have you not been writing since 2009 for NDTV ?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Words + has/have + Subject + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: What have you been seen since 2016 in the Indian Politics?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Words + has/have + Subject + not + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: Where has Dharma been running his convent school since last year?

2. Past Tense

a. Past Indefinite Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + V2 + Object

Example: I loved her.

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + did + not + V1 + Object

Example: She did not work in Call Center.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Did + Subject + V1 + Object

Example: Did Salman Khan host Big-Boss?

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Did + Subject + not + V1 + Object

Example: Did you not complete this work?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Word + did + Subject + V1 + Object

Example: Where did they book ticket?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Word + did + Subject + not + V1 + Object

Example: How did Priyanka not dance in the Bar?

b. Past Imperfect Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + was/were + V4 + Object

Example: Manohal Lal Khattar was going to Panchkula.

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + was/were + not + V4 + Object

Example: Honeypreet and Ram-Rahim were not dancing in the Jail.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Was/Were + Subject + V4 + Object

Example: Was I looking good in the party?

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Was/Were + Subject + not + V4 + Object

Example: Were you not cheating with me?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Words + was/were + Subject + V4 + Object

Example: How was she sleeping alone in her room?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Words + was/were + Subject + not + V4 + Object

Example: Why was Mr. Zubbair Khan not continuing in the BigBoss TV show?

c. Past Perfect Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + had + V3 + Object

Example: We had loved this aircraft?

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + had + not + V3 + Object

Example: You had not come before them.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Had + Subject + V3 + Object

Example: Had they opposed aligations on Honeypreet?

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Had + Subject + not + V3 + Object

Example: Had M/s. Kranti not designated to this post?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Words + had + Subject + V3 + Object

Example: Why had Mohan left this Party?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Words + had + Subject + not + V3 + Object

Example: Why had Vishwas not joined the BJP?

d. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + had + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: Mr. Hello had been playing Football since his starts.

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + had + not + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: M/s. Monkey had not been working in this film since here accident.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Had + Subject + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: Had you been joined Amazon for few years?

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Had + Subject + not + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: Had she not been working in the Cognizant since 2007?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Words + had + Subject + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: What had Shradha Kapoor been doing in the film industry since 2016?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Words + had + Subject + not + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: How had Mohan not been writing scrip for the film director Prakash?
  
3. Future Tense

a. Future Indefinite Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + shall/will + V1 + Object

Example: She will drink Beer.

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + shall/will + not + V1 + Object

Example: We shall not go there.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Shall/Will + Subject + V1 + Object

Example: Will you do this Please?

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Shall/Will + Subject + not + V1 + Object

Example: Shall I not ask about her problem.

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Word + shall/will + Subject + V1 + Object

Example: Why will you make a noise?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Word + shall/will + Subject + not  + V1 + Object

Example: How will they not avoid smoking?

b. Future Imperfect Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + shall/will + be + V4 + Object

Example: I will be going to Dehradun tomorrow.

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + shall/will + not + be + V4 + Object

Example: We shall not be doing these things.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Shall/Will + Subject + be + V4 + Object

Example: Will you be facing problems?

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Shall/Will + Subject + not + be + V4 + Object

Example: Will they not be assigning this task to Amit?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Words + shall/will + Subject + be + V4 + Object

Example: How will you be dancing in the show?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Words + shall/will + Subject + not + be + V4 + Object

Example: Where shall we not be staying in Paris?

c. Future Perfect Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + shall/will + has/have + V3 + Object

Example: Anita will have done this project.

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + shall/will + not + has/have + V3 + Object

Example: I shall not have completed my task.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Shall/Will + Subject + has/have + V3 + Object

Example: Will you have left your Job?

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Shall/Will + Subject + not + has/have + V3 + Object

Example: Shall we not have gone to that place?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Words + shall/will + Subject + has/have + V3 + Object

Example: How will Raveena Tandon have taken shot in this movie.

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Words + shall/will + Subject + not + has/have + V3 + Object

Example: Why will they not have asked me into this matter.

d. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

i. Structure for Affirmative Sentence

Subject + shall/will + has/have + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: I shall have been blogging for 5 years.

ii. Structure for Negative Sentence

Subject + shall/will + not + has/have + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: They will have been teaching in this school since 2004.

iii. Structure for Interrogative Sentence

Shall/Will + Subject + has/have + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: Will you have been designing this Painting since three months.

iv. Structure for Interrogative+Negative Sentence

Shall/Will + Subject + not + has/have + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: Shall I not have been paying Income Tax for 2 years?

v. Structure for WH-Words Positive Sentence

WH-Words + shall/will + Subject + has/have + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: How will you have been living in Australia since 1994?

vi. Structure for WH-Words Negative Sentence

WH-Words + shall/will + Subject + not + has/have + been + V4 + since/for + Object 

Example: Where shall we have been playing football for 3 weeks?

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